In recent years, a surge in lawsuits has emerged as parents of premature infants diagnosed with Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) after being fed Similac and Enfamil baby formulas seek accountability from the manufacturers. NEC, a severe gastrointestinal condition primarily affecting premature and medically fragile infants, has spurred legal action due to its potential links to certain baby formulas. 

While many infants fully recover from NEC, it can lead to lifelong complications or even sometimes permanent disability. This article delves into the reasons behind premature baby formula lawsuits, the brands implicated, the damages sought, eligibility criteria, and the legal process involved.

Why are People Filing Baby Formula Lawsuits?

Parents are pursuing legal action against Abbott Laboratories and Mead Johnson, manufacturers of Similac and Enfamil, respectively, for allegedly failing to warn about the risks associated with their baby formulas. Premature babies fed cow milk-based formulas face a heightened risk of NEC compared to those exclusively fed human breast milk. Plaintiffs argue that despite warnings from medical professionals, these companies marketed their products as safe for premature infants without adequate warnings or instructions.

Baby Formula Brands Mentioned in Lawsuits

These lawsuits have cast a spotlight on various formulations tailored for premature infants, each marketed with the promise of providing essential nutrients and support during crucial developmental stages. Among the brands implicated in these legal actions are:

Similac Special Care: This formula, designed for premature and low-birth-weight infants, is intended to support the nutritional needs of vulnerable babies in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Despite its specialized formulation, it has found itself at the center of legal disputes over its purported role in the development of NEC.

Similac NeoSure: Another product from Abbott Laboratories, Similac NeoSure is formulated to meet the unique nutritional requirements of premature infants after they leave the hospital. However, concerns have been raised regarding its safety and potential association with NEC, prompting legal action against its manufacturer.

Similac Alimentum: Marketed as a hypoallergenic formula suitable for infants with food allergies or sensitivities, Similac Alimentum has also been named in lawsuits alleging its connection to NEC in premature babies. Despite its intended purpose of providing gentle nutrition, plaintiffs argue that it may pose risks to vulnerable infants.

Enfamil NeuroPro Enfacare: Manufactured by Mead Johnson, Enfamil NeuroPro Enfacare is formulated to support the growth and development of premature and low-birth-weight infants. However, it too has been subject to legal scrutiny amid claims of causing or exacerbating NEC in affected infants.

Damages in Toxic Baby Formula Lawsuits

One of the primary forms of compensation sought by plaintiffs is coverage for past, current, and future medical expenses associated with treating NEC and its related complications. These expenses can include hospitalization costs, surgical procedures, medications, specialized treatments, and ongoing therapy or rehabilitation needs. 

NEC not only inflicts physical suffering on affected infants but also causes emotional anguish and distress to their families. Plaintiffs seek compensation for the pain and suffering endured by their infants as a result of the condition, as well as the emotional distress experienced by parents and caregivers witnessing their child’s suffering. 

For parents of infants diagnosed with NEC, the condition can disrupt their ability to work and earn a living as they focus on caring for their child’s medical needs. Plaintiffs seek compensation for lost income resulting from missed workdays, reduced work hours, or the need to take extended leave to care for their child. 

Who Qualifies to File an NEC Baby Formula Lawsuit?

The eligibility criteria for filing an NEC (Necrotizing enterocolitis) baby formula lawsuit are specific and aimed at addressing cases where infants have suffered harm potentially linked to the consumption of Similac or Enfamil formulas. 

  1. Premature Birth
  2. Formula Feeding in Hospital
  3. Diagnosis of NEC or Related Complications

Timeline To File The NEC Baby Formula Lawsuit

State-Specific Statute of Limitations: Each state has its own statute of limitations for product liability cases, including those related to injuries caused by toxic baby formula. These statutes typically range from two to ten years, although the exact timeframe may vary depending on the jurisdiction. It’s crucial to consult with an attorney for mass tort cases familiar with the laws in your state to understand the specific statute of limitations applicable to your case.

Commencement Date: The clock on the statute of limitations typically begins ticking from the date of the incident or injury that forms the basis of the lawsuit. In the context of NEC baby formula lawsuits, this could include the date of birth for prematurely born infants who were fed Similac or Enfamil formulas in the hospital and subsequently diagnosed with NEC or related complications.

Importance of Timely Action: Failing to file a lawsuit within the prescribed statute of limitations can have serious consequences, including the loss of the right to seek legal recourse and obtain compensation for the harm suffered. Therefore, it’s essential to act promptly and seek legal advice as soon as possible if you believe your child has been harmed by toxic baby formula.


The surge in premature baby formula lawsuits underscores the need for accountability and transparency in the infant formula industry. Consult an experienced mass tort attorney at People for Law, specializing in product liability and medical malpractice cases, to learn about the specific timeframe within which to file an NEC baby formula lawsuit. An attorney for mass tort cases may identify the true facts surrounding your case, help you through the complete legal process, and assist in cases where decisions have already been made.